How to install Golang via Linux terminal in 5 easy steps
Are you looking to get started with Golang? Need help installing Golang on Linux or WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux)?
Here the 4 east steps to get Golang up and running your machine.
Step 1: Download Linux tar.gz package from Golang website
The first step is to download the latest, and stable binary release from the Golang website.
Download here: https://golang.org/dl/
Step 2: Unzip the tar.gz package and move it to the /usr/local directory
The next step is to unzip the tar.gz package and move the files into the machine local directory.
You can execute these 2 commands with 1 command in the terminal
tar -C /usr/local -xzf go1.15.6.linux-amd64.tar.gz
Let’s break down the command above.
This part of the command I’m telling the tar command to change the directory on where to dump the extracted output. In this case, I want the extracted files to go the /usr/local directory, where most local binaries live.
The next part of the command is:
-xzf is just saying to extract all the compress files from the tar.gz package.
After those arguments you see go1.15.6.linux-amd64.tar.gz, this should be pointing to where the package was downloaded.
I use Windows, so my downloaded packages go to my Download directory.
For me, my command looks like this:
tar -C /usr/local -xzf /mnt/c/Users/ruben/Downloads/go1.15.6.linux-amd64.tar.gz
Step 3: Add the Golang binary to the $PATH environment variable
The next step is to add to the
$PATH environment variable.
Open up your .bashrc or .bash_profile file.
Then add the following to a new line:
Step 4: Add the $GOPATH to your environment variables
In the same file that you added your
$PATH environment variable, add a new variable called
$GOPATH and point to where your Golang apps are going to live.
It’s common practice to have all your Golang apps in 1 directory. To learn more about Golang workspaces go here: https://golang.org/doc/gopath_code.html#Workspaces
Step 5: Test Go command
Now it’s time to test if your Go command works but first reload your .bash_profile with the source command.
Now run go version:
go version #Output go version go1.15.6 linux/amd64
I like to tweet about Golang and post helpful code snippets. Follow me there if you would like some too!